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ADDICTION
12/12/2021

 

A person's life is spent seeking satisfaction for the instincts he has innate and socially acquired motives. Satisfied with innate, natural instincts and impulses such as nutrition and protection, people try to satisfy their spiritual-social needs such as attention, love, trust, dignity, freedom, autonomy, productivity, creativity, and self-actualization. By glorifying these motives, he finds his identity and personality and creates himself. For most people, they have experiences and habits that make life beautiful and happy. E.g; getting up in the morning, washing, dressing, drinking tea, coffee; go to work, work, return home; have fun, eat, vacation. A person's daily life is spent maintaining his habits. Some people try to maintain these habits and some try to get rid of them.However, whether a person is happy with his habits or not, he wants to go out of these patterns due to his spiritual structure and seeks a different new life. This quest is a necessary element for a person to gain the strength to live, to develop and mature his personality, and to create himself.

In some people, one of the habits starts to take more place in daily life and becomes a priority. In order to maintain this habit, other habits are given up. Preventing or not maintaining the habit leads to unhappiness. This habit, which gives happiness to people, becomes harmful when it reaches the dimensions that prevent the daily life and other activities of the person. People's relations with society deteriorate, power, work efficiency and success decrease.In spiritual life, psychological problems such as anxiety, anxiety, insecurity, pessimism and fear increase, and physical and physical complaints occur. When the measure of the activities done is missed, it turns into a habit and affects people's life negatively.

The habit of drugs and stimulants can give worse and harmful results in a short time. These substances are primarily effective on the central nervous system, change the mental life, emotion, thought and movement of the person, and create a habit in a short and easy way due to their chemical properties. For this reason, addiction is easily formed when the habit-forming feature of such substances is added to the habit-forming tendency of people.

There may be basic emotional dissatisfaction that pushes people to such habits.In other words, the reason why a person who seeks satisfaction gets stuck on a certain object, person or thought is because he or she is overly emotionally invested in it. One of the underlying causes of addictive behavior is the emotional world of the person. It can create pressure and coercion on the will of the person and can direct the person to a certain purpose. It gives a great value to the object, person or thought in his spiritual life and becomes unable to use his will. Behaviors that have negative effects on the person, the environment and the society and even harm them occur.

Addiction can have many different causes. Psychological factors, the person's upbringing, traumatic events in childhood, biological factors, personal characteristics, social environment and culture are some of them. However, one of the reasons is that there are individuals who use addictive substances around him and that he is introduced to them at a young age.

In the literature, addiction is defined as taking a substance to achieve a certain effect, continuing to take the substance despite the physical, mental or social problems that arise in this process, and increasing the amount of the substance to achieve the same effect.

According to Tarhan and Nurmedov; addiction is a chronic disease that disrupts the structure and functions of the brain (Tarhan; ​​Nurmedov2011).

The main thing in the treatment of alcohol addiction is the willingness of the person. It is necessary to know that addiction is a disease and to approach it in this way. Addiction is a family disease. Therefore, there must be changes in the family. Although families are supportive after the treatment is over, they should not forget that this is a recurrent chronic disease. Slips may occur after the treatment process is over. In this case, it is necessary to enter the treatment process again. The family should support the addicted individual in changing the social environment.

REFERENCES

Tarhan, N. ve Nurmedow, S., Bağımlılık: Sanal veya Gerçek, İstanbul, Timaş Yayıncılık, 2011.

Clinical Psychologist Hatice Büşra KARA

busra.kara@icloud.com

 



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